ALI model legislation

2020:

2013 Amendments:

  • imposed annual fee.

2011 Amendments:

  • created federal SORNA-based 3-tier system;
  • classified registrants retroactively into tiers based solely on offense;
  • tier level determines length of registration and frequency of reporting;
  • retroactively extended registration period to life for Tier III registrants;
  • offense pre-dating registry results in registration if convicted of any new felony (“recapture” provision);
  • in-person reporting for vast amount of information (like internet identifiers);
  • “immediate” reporting for minor changes (like travel plans & email accounts).

2006 Amendments:

  • criminalized working within 1,000 feet of a school:
  • criminalized living within 1,000 feet of a school;
  • criminalized “loitering” within 1,000 feet of a school;
  • increased penalties;
  • created public email notification system.

2004 Amendments:

  • registrants’ photos posted on the internet;
  • imposed registry fee, and made it a crime not to pay the fee.

2002 Amendments:

  • added new in-person reporting for higher educational settings.

1999 Amendments:

  • created internet-accessible registry;
  • required quarterly or annual in-person registration;
  • required fingerprinting and photographs;
  • increased penalties for SORA violations;
  • expanded categories of people required to register.

1994 SORA First Enacted:

  • confidential, non-public, law enforcement database;
  • no regular reporting requirements;
  • revealing registry information is a crime & a tort (treble damages);
  • 25 year inclusion in database, except repeat offenders;
  • allowed limited public inspection of registry information.

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